As Moses had covenanted with God by virtue of the law received on Mount Sinai, so Jesus, from a hill on the shore of the Lake of Galilee, gives to his disciples and to the crowd a new lesson which begins with the Beatitudes. Moses gives the Law on Mount Sinai and Jesus, the new Moses, gives the Law on that hillside, on the shore of the Lake of Galilee. The Beatitudes are the path that God indicates as the answer to man’s innate desire for happiness, and they perfect the Commandments of the Old Covenant. We are accustomed to learning the Ten Commandments — of course, you all know them, you learned them in the Catechesis — but we are not used to repeating the Beatitudes. Let us try however, to remember them and to impress them upon our heart.
“Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven”.
“Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted”.
“Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth”.
“Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied”.
“Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy”.
“Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God”.
“Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God”.
“Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness’ sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven”.
“Blessed are you when men revile you and persecute you and utter all kinds of evil against you falsely on my account.
“Rejoice and be glad, for your reward is great in heaven, for so men persecuted the prophets who were before you”.
I’m giving you homework, an assignment to do at home. Take the Gospel, the one you carry with you…. Remember that you should always carry a little Gospel with you, in your pocket, purse, always; the one you have at home. Carry the Gospel, and in the fifth chapter of Matthew — I believe in five — there are the Beatitudes. And today, tomorrow at home, read them. So as not to forget them, because it is the Law that Jesus gives us! Will you do it?
In these words is all the newness that Christ brought, all the newness of Christ is in these words. In fact, the Beatitudes are the portrait of Jesus, his way of life; and they are the path to true happiness, which we too can travel with the grace that Jesus gives us.
Besides the New Law, Jesus also gives us the “protocol” by which we will be judged. At the end of the world we will be judged. And what questions will we be asked there? What will these questions be? What is the protocol by which the judge will evaluate us? We find it in Chapter 25 of the Gospel of Matthew. Today the assignment is to read the fifth Chapter of the Gospel of Matthew where the Beatitudes are; and read the 25th Chapter, where the protocol is, the questions that we will be asked on Judgment Day. We will not have titles, credit or privileges on which to stake our claims. The Lord will recognize us if, in our turn, we recognized him in the poor, in the hungry, in the indigent and the outcast, in those who suffer and are alone…. This is one of the fundamental criteria for evaluating our Christian life, which Jesus calls us to measure up to every day. I read the Beatitudes and I think of how my Christian life should be, and then I examine my conscience with this Chapter 25 of Matthew. Every day: I did this, I did this, I did this…. It will do us good! They are simple but concrete things.
Dear friends, the New Covenant consists exactly in this: in recognizing oneself, in Christ, enveloped in God’s mercy and compassion. This is what fills our heart with joy, and this is what makes our life a beautiful and credible testimony of God’s love for all the brothers and sisters we meet everyday. Remember your homework! The fifth Chapter of Matthew and Chapter 25 of Matthew.
From Pope Francis’ General Audience, August 6, 2014.
Houston Catholic Worker, Voo. XXXV, No. 5, November-December 2014.